Agrimonia eupatoria L. – Church steeples Description


Agrimonia eupatoria L. – Church steeples

Agrimonia eupatoria L
Agrimonia eupatoria L commonly known as Church Steeples.


Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Agrimonia L.
Common Names: Church Steeples, Cocklebur, Philanthropos, Stickwort, Liverwort, Common agrimony, Fragrant agrimony, Roadside rosaceae, Woodland groovebur
Habitat: Meadows, Stone Walls, Roadsides
Soil: Most soil types as long as it is well drained.
Sun: Full sunlight to Light Shade, with a preference for full sun
Description: Entire plant is aromatic. It has a long, thin, single racemes with hairy, pinnate leaves. Leaves have a silvery or grayish tone on the underside and there are both large and small leaves. The yellow flowers grow in spikes along the shoot and form into burrs.
Flowering: Yellow, 5 petaled, star shaped flowers. Blooms during the Summer months.
Useful parts: Leaves, flowers, roots
Plant uses: Cleaning, Cosmetics, Medicinal.

Rosaceae – Rose Family

Genus found within the family:
Acaena Mutis ex L. – acaena
Adenostoma – chamise
Agrimonia L. – agrimony
Alchemilla L. – lady’s mantle
Amelanchier – serviceberry
xAmelasorbus – amelasorbus
Aphanes L. – parsley piert
Argentina – silverweed
Aruncus L. – aruncus
Cercocarpus – mountain mahogany
Chaenomeles – flowering quince
Chamaebatia – mountain misery
Chamaebatiaria – desert sweet
Chamaerhodos – little rose
Coleogyne – coleogyne
Comarum L. – comarum
Cotoneaster – cotoneaster
Crataegus L. – hawthorn
Cydonia – cydonia
Dalibarda L. – dalibarda
Dasiphora – shrubby cinquefoil
Dryas L. – mountain-avens
Duchesnea Sm. – duchesnea
Eriobotrya – loquat
Exochorda – pearlbrush
Fallugia – Apache plume
Filipendula – queen
Fragaria L. – strawberry
Geum L. – avens
Heteromeles – toyon
Holodiscus – oceanspray
Horkelia – horkelia
Horkeliella – false horkelia
Ivesia – mousetail
Kelseya – kelseya
Kerria – kerria
Luetkea – luetkea
Lyonothamnus – Catalina ironwood
Malacomeles – false serviceberry
Malus – apple
Mespilus L. – mespilus
Neviusia – snow-wreath
Oemleria – oemleria
Osteomeles – osteomeles
Peraphyllum – peraphyllum
Petrophytum – rockspirea
Photinia – chokeberry
Physocarpus – ninebark
Potentilla L. – cinquefoil
Prinsepia Royle
Prunus L. – plum
Pseudocydonia – Chinese-quince
Purshia – bitterbrush
Pyracantha – firethorn
Pyrus L. – pear
Quillaja – quillaja
Rhodotypos – rhodotypos
Rosa L. – rose
Rubus L. – blackberry
Sanguisorba L. – burnet
Sibbaldia L. – sibbaldia
Sibbaldiopsis – sibbaldiopsis
Sorbaria – false spiraea
Sorbus L. – mountain ash
Spiraea L. – spirea
Stephanandra – stephanandra
Vauquelinia – rosewood
Waldsteinia – barren strawberry

Agrimonia eupatoria L. – Church steeples Medicinal Usage

Agrimonia eupatoria L. – Church steeples

Agrimonia eupatoria L
Agrimonia eupatoria L commonly known as Church Steeples.

Herbal Qualities:

Hot and dry. Aperitive, cleansing, slightly astringent, vulnerary, and strengthening.

Systems affected

Liver, Blood, Mouth, Throat, Lungs, Spleen, Stomach


“Sun, quinsy, numness of the sinews, and stinking of the mouth, all infirmities of the liver and veins, apytumes about the brea├╝ and ribs, all ├╝ifeaics proceeding from putrefation of blood and wind, fevers, and other diseases ; he governeth the blood, hot and moiir ; so the judgment. Under which are, agrimony….”


Tea, cream, oil, tincture, infusion, distilled water

From Botanologia: The English Herbal or History of Plants

“The Preparations: The Shops keep of the Common Agrimony, 1. The dryed Leaves and Tops. 2. A Distilled Water of the whole Plant, gathered in June, 3. A Syrup of the Juice. But besides these you may make from all the Plants, the following Preparations. 4. An Inspissate or Liquid Juice of Leaves and flowers. 5. An Essence of the whole green Plant. 6. A Powder. 7. A Sulphureous Tincture. 8. A Saline Tincture. 9. An Oily Tincture. 10. A Balsam. 11. A fixed Salt of the whole Plant Calcined.”

Parts used:

Leaves, flowers, roots

Internal Uses:

  • Agrimonia eupatoria L. is used in Bach Flower Remedies for those who hide their cares and worries behind a jovial mask. Often taking drugs/alcohol to help remain cheerful.
  • Dried leaves and tops are used to make infusions, dections and wines. It is a good hepatic. When drunk as a tea it can help treat gastritis, cystitis, and kidney stones. Gargled it helps sore throats and inflamed gums.
  • Burrs are made into a syrup and good for the lungs. Used for coughs, colds, asthma, wheezing, and rickets.
  • Inspissates were given at 3 drams dissolved in 2 to 4 ounces of wine and used to clear obstructions.
  • Essence of the whole plant was taken internally for pains of the spleen, wounds and bruises, bites and stings from venomous creatures, colick, cough, asthma, stomach issues, ulcers, internal obstructions in the liver, spleen, and urinary passages, jaundice, and works as a vulnerary. Doses were prescribed at 3 drames to 1 ounce taken in a wine, mead, cider or ale.
  • Saline Tincture powerful against obstructions of the liver, spleen, and urinary passages. Dosage is 1-2 drams.
  • Oily Tincture works against colick, stones, and obstruction of the uterus and bladder. Dosage is 10-20 drops in a glass of white wine.
  • Fixed Salt purifies the blood, destorys acidity of the lungs, and acritude of digestion. Dosage is 1 scruple.
  • From CULPEPER’s ENGLISH PHYSICIAN “DECOCTION FOR INWARD DECAY- Take ground-ivy, scabious, and colts-foot, each two handfuls; hyssop, one handful; elecampane root, one ounce; liquorice, four ounces; agrimony, four handfuls : boil them, together in nine quarts of barley water till they , come to about; a gallon, then strain it for use. This pectoral can be depended on in coughs and consumptions of the lungs.”

External Uses:

  • Essence of the whole plant was used as a drop for strengthening the eyes or used for ears with foul drainage.
  • Powder made from the dried herb is used to stop bleeding, drys up catarrhs, and is good against droopsy. Dosage is from .5 to 1 drams at night.
  • Saline Tincture it is good for old sores, running ulcers, scabs, and cankers
  • Oily Tincture it numbs pains and aches, eases sciatica, and helps cold gout. It strengthens nerves and muscles.
  • Balsam is applied to “green wounds”. It is mixed 2 ounces to 1/2 and ounce of balsam of chili before being applied. It is then washed away with alcohol. It helps cure old sores, fistulas, removes foreign objects such as thorns and splinters. It strengthens nerves, ligaments, and joints. It is the best option for curing wounds to the head.
  • Creams are used on bruises and sprains.
  • Decoction of Agrimony and Chamomile, warmed and bathed over the affected area will soothe pains of the sinews and cramps.

Known Precautions:

Can cause issues for people with sensitive allergies.
Agrimonia eupatoria L.: