Rose Sugar

Rose Sugar

  • Pick Red Roses and cut off the white bottom of the petals.
  • Dry the petals in an oven.
  • Beat the dried petals to a powder and sift them.
  • Take half a pound of fine sugar and place it in a double boiler.
  • Pour in just enough water to make the sugar wet.
  • Bring the wet sugar to a boil until the water has evaporated and remove from the heat.
  • Pour in the Powered rose petals, enough to make the half pound of sugar red.
  • Stir them together.
  • Once it has cooled some, pour it into small pans.

A Queens Delight: The Art of Preserving, Conserving and Candying. As also, A right Knowledge of making Perfumes, and Distilling the most Excellent Waters. LONDON. Printed by E. Tyler, and R. Holt. 1671.
“Take the deepest coloured red Roses, pick them, cut off the white bottoms, and dry your red leaves in an Oven, till they be as dry as possible, then beat them to powder and searse them, then take half a pound of Sugar beaten fine, put it into your pan with as much fair water as will wet it; then set it in a chaffing-dish of coals, and let it boil till it be sugar again, then put as much powder of Roses as will make it look very red stir them well together, and when it is almost cold, put it into pailes, and when it is throughly cold, take them off, and put them in boxes.”

A Book of Fruits and Flowers: Of Roses



To make sweet Bagges to lay Linnen in.

Take Damask Rose budds, pluck them, and dry the leaves in the shadow, the tops ofLavender flowers, sweet Margerom, and Basill, of each a handfull, all dryed and mingled with the Rose leaves, take also of Benjamin, Storax, Gallingall roots, and Ireos or Orris roots, twice as much of the Orris as of any of the other, beaten in fine powder: a peece of cotten wool wetted in Rose-water, and put to it a good quantity of Musk and Ambergreece made into powder, and sprinkle them with some Civet dissolved in Rose-water, lay the Cotten in double paper, and dry it over a chaffin dish of coales: Lastly, take halfe a handfull of Cloves, and as much Cinamon bruised, not small beaten, mixe all these together, and put them up in your Bagge.

A very good Poultis for any Member swell’d and inflamed, and not broken, to take away the paine.

Take three pints of new milk, of stale Manchet crums two handfulls, or so much as shall make the milk somewhat thick, and thereto put two handfulls of dryed red Rose leaves, and three ounces of Oyle of Roses, boyle all these together to the thicknesse of a Poultisse, then let it stand and coole, and while it cooleth rake a spoonfull of Oyle ofR oses, and with a warm hand rub the place grieved, till the Oyle be dryed in, and then lay the Poultisse as warm as you may endure it, to the part inflamed; doe this morning and evening for three or four dayes, as you shall see cause.

To make a sweet Cake, and with it a very sweet water.

Take Damask Rose leaves,Bay leaves,Lavinder tops, sweet Marjerome tops, Ireos powder,Damask powder, and a little Musk first dissolved in sweet water, put the Rose leaves and hearbs into a Bason, and sprinkle a quarter of a pint of Rose-water among them, and stirring them all together, cover the Bason close with a dish, and let them stand so covered, all night, in the morning Distill them, so shall you have at once an excellent sweet water, and a very fine sweet Cake to lay among your finest linnen.

Oyle of Roses.

Take Sallet Oyle and put it into an earthen pot, then take Rose leaves, clip off all the white, and bruise them a little, and put them into the Oyle, and then stop the top close with past, and set it into a boyling pot of water, and let it boyle one hour, then let it stand al one night upon hot embers, the next day take the Oyle, and straine it from the Rose leaves, into a glasse, and put therein some fresh Rose leaves, clipt as before, stop it, and set it in the Sun every day for a fortnight or three weeks.

Syrupe of Roses.

Take Damask Roses, clip off the white of them, and take six ounces of them to every pint of faire water, first well boyled and scummed, let them stand so as aboves aid, twelve hours, as you doe in the Syrupe of Violets, wringing out the Roses and putting in new eight times, then wringing out the last put in onely the juice of four ounces of Roses, so make it up as before, if you will put in Rubarb, take to every two drams, slice it, string it on a thred, hang it within the pot after the first shifting, and let it infuse within your Roses: Some use to boyle the Rubarb in the Syrupe, but it is dangerous, the Syrupe purgeth Choller and Melancholly.

A Conserve of Roses.

Take red Rose buds, clip of all the white, bruised, and withered from them, then weigh them out, and taking to every pound of Roses three pound of Sugar, stamp the Roses by themselves very small putting a little juice of Lemmons or Rose water to them as they wax dry, when you see theR oses small enough, put the Sugar to them, and beat them together till they be well mingled, then put it up in Gally pots or glasses; in like manner are the Conserverves of Flowers, of Violets, Cowslips, Marigolds, Sage, and Sea boise made.

To Preserve Roses or any other Flowers.

Take one pound of Roses, three pound of Sugar, one pint of Rosewater, or more, make your Syrupe first, and let it stand till it be cold, then take your Rose leaves, having first clipt off all the white, put them into the cold Syrupe, then cover them, and set them on a soft fire, that they may but simper for two or three hours, then while they are hot put them into pots or glasses for your use.

How to Preserve Barbaries.

First take the fairest Barbaries, and of them the greatest bunches you can get, and with a needle take out the stones on the one side of them, then weigh out to every halfe pound of them one pound of Sugar, put them into a Preserving pan, strow the Sugar on them, and let them boyle a quarter of an hour softly, then taking out the Barbaries let the Syrupe boyle a quarter of an hour more, then put in the Barbaries againe, and let them boyle a pretty while with the Syrupe, then take them from the Syrupe, and let them both stand till they be cold, and so put them up.

To keep Barbaries to garnish your Meat.

Take the worst of them, and boyle them in faire water, and straine the liquor from them, and while the liquor is hot put it into your Barbaries, being clean picked, and stop them up, and if they mould much, wash them throughly in the liquor, then boyle the liquor againe, and strayne it, and let it coole, then put it to your Barbaries againe.

Conserve of Barbaries.

Take your Barbaries, pick them clean in faire branches, and wash them clean, and dry them on a cloath, then take some other Barbaries, and boyle them in Clarret wine till they be very soft, then straine them, and rub them so well through the strainer, that you may know the substance of them, and boyle up this matter thus strained out, till it be very sweet, and somwhat thick, then setting it by till it be cold, and then put in your branches of Barbaries into gally pots, or glasses, and fill it up with the cold Syrupe, and so shall you have both Syrupe, and also Barbaries, to use at your pleasure.

Rosaceae – Rose Family

Genus found within the family:
Acaena Mutis ex L. – acaena
Adenostoma – chamise
Agrimonia L. – agrimony
Alchemilla L. – lady’s mantle
Amelanchier – serviceberry
xAmelasorbus – amelasorbus
Aphanes L. – parsley piert
Argentina – silverweed
Aruncus L. – aruncus
Cercocarpus – mountain mahogany
Chaenomeles – flowering quince
Chamaebatia – mountain misery
Chamaebatiaria – desert sweet
Chamaerhodos – little rose
Coleogyne – coleogyne
Comarum L. – comarum
Cotoneaster – cotoneaster
Crataegus L. – hawthorn
Cydonia – cydonia
Dalibarda L. – dalibarda
Dasiphora – shrubby cinquefoil
Dryas L. – mountain-avens
Duchesnea Sm. – duchesnea
Eriobotrya – loquat
Exochorda – pearlbrush
Fallugia – Apache plume
Filipendula – queen
Fragaria L. – strawberry
Geum L. – avens
Heteromeles – toyon
Holodiscus – oceanspray
Horkelia – horkelia
Horkeliella – false horkelia
Ivesia – mousetail
Kelseya – kelseya
Kerria – kerria
Luetkea – luetkea
Lyonothamnus – Catalina ironwood
Malacomeles – false serviceberry
Malus – apple
Mespilus L. – mespilus
Neviusia – snow-wreath
Oemleria – oemleria
Osteomeles – osteomeles
Peraphyllum – peraphyllum
Petrophytum – rockspirea
Photinia – chokeberry
Physocarpus – ninebark
Potentilla L. – cinquefoil
Prinsepia Royle
Prunus L. – plum
Pseudocydonia – Chinese-quince
Purshia – bitterbrush
Pyracantha – firethorn
Pyrus L. – pear
Quillaja – quillaja
Rhodotypos – rhodotypos
Rosa L. – rose
Rubus L. – blackberry
Sanguisorba L. – burnet
Sibbaldia L. – sibbaldia
Sibbaldiopsis – sibbaldiopsis
Sorbaria – false spiraea
Sorbus L. – mountain ash
Spiraea L. – spirea
Stephanandra – stephanandra
Vauquelinia – rosewood
Waldsteinia – barren strawberry